Tools

 
 

Glossaries

 
Welcome to Food24's Glossaries page. Here we're going to help you demystify all the culinary terms and cooking speak that form such an important part of food and cookery You can search for an ingredient or cookery term using the A-Z alphabetic search.
 
a-z of ingredients
 
Sure, anyone can slam up a quick meal. But how much do you know about your ingredients? Our A - Z Of Ingredients glossary covers everything from agar to zest - and tells you what it is and how to use it in cooking.
 
 
 
a-z of cookery terms
 
Al dente, coddle, frizzle - baffled by some of the terms used in cookery books? Get to grips with culinary and cooking lingo and start acting like a real gourmet chef.
 
 
 
a-z of herbs and spices
 
What are these enchanted and colourful little powders all about? From mustard seeds to paprika, learn all about them with a dash and a sprinkle.
 
 
 

Measurement Converter

 
Be it from cups to millimeters, ounces to grams, celsius to farenheit - or the other way around, we've got the cooking conversions covered.
 

 
 
Temperature Converter

 
DEGREES CELSIUS
DEGREES FAHRENHEIT
110
225
120
250
140
275
150
300
160
325
175
350
190
375
200
400
220
425
230
450
240
475
260
500

 
 
Volume to Weight Converter

 
ONE CUP OF
METRIC EQUIVALENT
Beans, dried, cooked
200g
Bran
40g
Breadcrumbs, fresh
60g
Breadcrumbs, dried
20g
Bread flour, brown
120g
Bread flour, white
20g
Butter/margarine
230g
Cake flour, sifted
140g
Cake flour, unsifted
120g
Cheese Cheddar, grated
100g
Parmesan, grated
160g
Feta, diced
190g
Chickpeas, dried, cooked
170g
Cornflour/Maizena
10g
Icing sugar
130g
Lentils, cooked
160g
Mayonnaise
250g
Mealie Meal, instant
120g
Mealie Meal, sifted
60g
Oatmeal
60g
Rice, cooked
200g
Sugar, white/brown
200g
Castor sugar
220g
Icing sugar
130g
Tomatoes, chopped
200g
Whole-kernel corn, canned
190g
 
Note: 1 cup has the following international equivalents: US = 237 ml, UK = 284 ml and South Africa and Australia = 250ml

 
 
Imperial to Metric Converter

 
IMPERIAL
METRIC
¼ teaspoon
1 ml
½ teaspoon
2 ml
1 teaspoon
5 ml
1½ teaspoons
7 ml
3 teaspoons
15 ml
1 tablespoon
15 ml
1½ tablespoon
22 ml
2 tablespoons
30 ml
4 tablespoons
60 ml
¼ cup
65 ml
½ cup
125 ml
¾ cup
190 ml
1 cup
250 ml
1½ cup
375 ml
1¾ cup
440 ml
2 cups
500 ml
2¼ cups
565 ml
3 cups
750 ml
3½ cups
875 ml
4 cups
1 litre
¼ pint (4 fl oz)
125 ml
½ pint (8 fl oz)
250 ml
1 pint (16 fl oz)
500 ml
2 pints (1 quart, 32 fl oz)
1 litre
 
Note: These measures are rounded off for South Africa

 
 
Microwave Oven Settings

 
PERCENTAGE POWER (600-700 WATT)
MARKING ON OVEN
10%
low/hold, warm, low, low/warm
20%
low
30%
defrost, low
40%
braise
50%
medium, simmer, medium low
60%
bake, medium
70%
high, roast, medium, medium high
80%
reheat
90%
saute, medium high
100%
full power, high
 
Note: Microwave oven power is measured in watts. a 650 -700 watt oven is a full power machine; a 500 - 650 watt machine is medium power and a 400 - 500 watt oven is low power. It takes about one and a half times as long to cook in a low power oven as it takes to cook in a full power oven.
 

Pantry Stocker

 
Always forgetting those basics? Often can't cook Asian 'cause you don't have the right ingredients? These headaches are a thing of the past with out nifty Pantry Stocker. Simply fill those items you need to buy click on "Generate my list" to generate your shopping list, print it out and off you go to the supermarket.
 

 
Basics

 
 
 
 

 
Fruit / Vegetables

 
 
 
 

 
Condiments

 
 
 
 

 
Herbs / Spices

 
 
 
 

 
Asian

 
 
 
 

 
Indian / Malay

 
 
 
 

 
Other

 
 
 
 

 
Add Own

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Food Substitutes

 
Ever run out of an ingredient right in the middle of cooking? Then you know how frustrating this will be. But all needn't be lost with the help of our handy food substitutes.
 
IF YOU DON'T HAVE
USE
Self-raising flour
5ml baking powder for every 250ml cake flour
Buttermilk
natural yoghurt or milk + 12ml lemon juice or vinegar
Baking powder
½ quantity each cream of tartar + bicarbonate of soda
Castor sugar
finely ground white sugar
Cornflour
double quantity of cake of bread flour
Creme fraiche
plain yoghurt
Egg
2 egg yolks + 15ml water
All spice
5ml ground cinnamon + pinch each of ginger, clove
Honey
315ml sugar + 65ml liquid
Pecan nuts
walnuts
Pine kernels
sunflour seeds
Sour cream
plain yoghurt or cream + 5ml lemon juice or 2ml wine vinegar
Tomato puree
¼ quantity tomato paste or 1½ quantity fresh tomatoes, skinned, seeded and cooked till soft
Whole-wheat flour
brown bread flour + rolled/crushed wheat to taste
Herbs, 1 tbsp fresh
5ml dried herbs
Lemon juice, 1 tsp
2.5 ml vinegar
Mustard, 1 tsp dry
12ml prepared mustard
Orange, 1 medium
125ml cup juice
Tomato, one can
500ml chopped fresh tomato
Yoghurt, plain
buttermilk; sour cream or cottage cheese + 5ml lemon juice
Bread crumbs
cracker crumbs
Carrots
parsnips or baby white turnips
Tomato juice
190ml tomato paste + 250ml water
Curry powder
Tumeric +ground cardamom. ginger and cumin
 
 
 

Inside Food24

 
 
 
 

Joburg hot spots for cocktails, craft beer, tapas and wine!

It’s the season to be jolly – so we’ve rounded up some new Joburg hot spots!

 
 

I love summer.24

Christmas lingerie to make this festive season the best one ever!
13 things you might not know about Disneyland
The craziest deaths of 2014
How to make this a sensual, sexy summer!
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.